Lillian Eleanore Arnold was born on 1 September
1895 in Downingtown, Chester County, Pennsylvania. She completed a Bachelor
of Science degree at John B. Stetson University (Deland, Florida) in 1918.
From 1918 to 1920 she was a librarian at the Carnegie Library in Bradenton,
Florida. In 1927 she began a long association with the Department of Plant
Pathology, Florida Agricultural Experiment Station (Gainesville, Florida),
first as a stenographer and later as an assistant botanist. She attended the
University of Florida (Gainesville, Florida) starting in 1929, and completed
a Masters of Science in 1934.
In July, 1936, Ms. Arnold joined the staff of
the Herbarium of the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station (Gainesville, Florida)
as an assistant botanist. In 1948, she was the Herbarium's Acting Curator
(2). She retired after more than 30 years of service (3). FLAS is the primary
repository for her specimens.
To date, NCU has databased 29 specimens
collected by Lillian Arnold. Most were collected in Florida. The earliest
specimens, NCU 29035 Pteris cretica (L.) Small and NCU 29045 Dryopteris
floridana (Hook) Kuntze (= Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze)
Small), were collected in October 1931 at the Devil's Millhopper,
Alachua County, Florida. This site was the focus of her Master's Thesis, “A
study of the more conspicuous flora of the Devil's Millhopper,” completed in
1934 at the University of Florida in Gainesville. Devil’s Millhopper, a sinkhole that is 120
feet deep and 500 feet across, was purchased by the state of Florida in 1974,
and has been open to the public as a state park since 1976.
The latest specimen found in NCU's collection, Poinsettia pinetorum
Small (= Euphorbia pinetorum (Small) Webster) was co-collected with
F. C. Craighead in November of 1957 from Dade County, Florida. Arnold and
another frequent co-collector, Erdman West, co-authored a book on the native
trees of Florida.
Ms. Arnold collected the type specimen of a
fungus and it was named in her honor in 1940 (4):
Russula Arnoldae sp. nov. Type collection by Lillian E.
Arnold, near Gainesville, Fla., September 25, 1938 (F 18230).
A very handsome, highly-colored specimen with yellow, spinulose
spores and mild flesh.
Ms. Arnold died in Gainesville, Alachua County, Florida in May, 1987.
Arnold, Lillian E. 1934. A study of the
more conspicuous flora of the Devil's Millhopper. Master's Thesis, University
of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
Arnold, Lillian E. 1936. A field trip to the
Devil's Millhopper. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 52:
Arnold, Lillian. 1954. Some honey plants of
Florida. University of Florida Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 548,
Gainesville, Florida. 47 pp.
Arnold, Lillian E. and John Beckner. 1955. A fern genus new to the United
States. American Fern Journal 45(1): 10-11.
West, Erdman and Lillian E. Arnold. 1946. The
Native Trees of Florida. Gainesville: University of Florida Press. 212 pp.
West, Erdman and Lillian E. Arnold. 1956. The Native Trees of Florida.
Gainesville: University of Florida Press. 218 pp.
1. personal communication, Kent Perkins,
Manager of the Collection, FLAS. He excerpted the information from
correspondence between Arnold and Dr. John Hendley Barnhart for his
biographical card catalog.
2. Jones, George Neville and Edna Meadows. 1948.
Principal Institutional Herbaria of the United States. American Midland
Naturalist 40(3): 724-740.
3. www.flmnh.ufl.edu/natsci/herbarium/flashist.htm accessed on 25 October,
4. Murrill, William A. 1940. Additions to the
Florida fungi II. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 67(1): 57-66.