Liriodendron tulipifera flower

The University of North Carolina
Herbarium
A Department of the North Carolina Botanical Garden

 
 


Collectors of the University of North Carolina Herbarium (NCU)
Information compiled by Carol Ann McCormick


Kenneth K. Mackenzie
(1877 - 1934)

The University of North Carolina Herbarium has catalogued about 40 specimens collected by Kenneth Kent Mackenzie. As only about 10% of the collection is currently databased, no doubt many more will be found.

Most of the specimens collected by Mackenzie at NCU are from a collecting trip to Lake Charles, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana in August-September, 1898.  Other collecting locations that are represented in our collection include Jackson County, Missouri; Ocean County, New Jersey; Wyandotte County, Kansas; and Skamania County, Washington.

NY holds Mackenzie’s type specimens and approximately 43,000 other specimens collected by him.

According to Kansas State University Library’s Rare Book Collections, “Kenneth K. Mackenzie was a successful corporation lawyer in New York City and an avid amateur botanist, being elected to membership in the Linnaean Society in 1927.  A recognized authority on the North American Carex, he authored a long series of publications on the flora of North America.  During his lifetime Mackenzie gathered thousands of books on botany and horticulture.  This extensive library was bequeathed to the Horticultural Society of New York upon his death in 1934.  From these books was formed the splendid collection of Linnaeana bearing Mackenzie’s name, which subsequently came to Kansas State University in 1966.  The Mackenzie Linnaeana, in addition to containing all the important editions of Linnaeus’ writings, is particularly rich in the nearly 200 theses written by Linnaeus for his students at the University of Uppsala.  The copy of Linnaeus’ own doctoral dissertation bears notations in his hand.” 1

Kenneth Mackenzie was a member of a scientific expedition to the Gaspe Peninsula in 1923.  The following excerpt and photograph are from “Exploring the Gaspe Peninsula, 1923” produced by the Harvard University Herbarium.2 

During the summer of 1923 seven botanists [Merritt Lyndon Fernald (Fisher Professor of Natural History, Harvard University), James Franklin Collins (Forest Pathologist, USDA and Brown University); Arthur Stanley Pease (University of Illinois), Carroll William Dodge (Instructor, Farlow Herbarium, Harvard University), Ludlow Griscom (Asst. Curator of Birds, American Museum of Natural History, New York), Kenneth K. Mackenzie (corporate lawyer & amateur botanist), and Lyman B. Smith (student, Harvard University)] and three guides [Joseph Fortin, Israel Thibeault, and Leon Douglas] spent July and August exploring and botanizing the Gaspe Peninsula, mostly in the area of the Shickshock Mountains.  They crossed the Cap Chat River on July 6th, 1923 and headed to their home base, a cabin they referred to as the Locked Camp.  This camp consisted of a cabin where they stored their extra supplies and food while they were out collecting in the field.  Every few days the guides would trek back to Locked Camp and restock.  The botanists also traveled back there a couple of times during their trip to drop off mounted specimens.

This party was the first ever to engage in scientific work on Mt. Logan since its discovery in 1844, nearly 80 years earlier.  As stated by C.W. Dodge in a report he made shortly after their trip, “As the country on the line we proposed to follow had never been represented on geographic maps nor even examined at all, and as at the same time exact geographic details were indispensible to arrive at correct geographical conclusions, and to present them in an intelligent manner, it became necessary that our trip serve as a topographic as well as a stratigraphic exploration.”

The party discovered many new species of plants during this trip, quite a few [of] which were unheard of in the east and have their nearest relatives found in the Rocky Mountains.  Each member of the party was assigned tasks dependent on their specialties.  Collins was responsible for photographing their journey and creating maps; Dodge for geographical measurements; Griscom recorded the birds that they observed; and, of course, each botanist collected in his field of expertise.

Mackenzie_Gaspe_party.jpg

Sitting at the Fernald Pass camp, 1923
from left to right:  Fernald, Griscom, Pease, Smith, Dodge, Mackenzie; photo taken by Collins 
Photograph from the Harvard University Herbaria

Even with all the hardships they faced, they felt that the trip was worth it.  In correspondence after their return each botanist writes of their Gaspe adventure and their findings with great fondness.  It seems that Canada remembers their trip with fondness as well as the Great Basin was re-named Pease Basin, the names Fernald Basin and Fernald Pass were given to two other areas in Gaspe.  Botanist’s Dome was the name given to the flat area at the top of Tabletop Mountain, the highest point of land in eastern Quebec and lastly, in April of 1926, the Canadian Geological Survey named the 3,500 ft. mountain near Mt. Logan, Mt. Collins.

 

PUBLICATIONS (incomplete list):

Mackenzie, Kenneth K. assisted by B.F. Bush and others.  (1902)  Manual of the flora of Jackson County, Missouri.
Mackenzie, Kenneth K. (1903)  A new genus of North American Umbelliferae.  Torreya 3(10):  158-159.
--- (1904)  Notes on evening primroses.  Torreya 4(4):  56-57.
--- (1905)  Onosmodium.  Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl.  32(9):  495-506.
--- (1906)  Notes on Carex, i.  Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl.  33(8):  439-443.
Farwell, O.A., Kenneth K. Mackenzie and C. Stuart Gager (1906)  Shorter notes.  Torreya 6(10):  209-212.
Mackenzie, Kenneth K., David R. Sumstine, and Homer D. House (1907)  Shorter notes.  Torreya 7(3):  60-62.
Sheldon, John L. and Kenneth K. Mackenzie (1907)  Shorter notes.  Torreya 7(7):  142-145.
Mackenzie, Kenneth K. (1907)  A hybrid Lespedeza.  Torreya 7(4):  76-78.
--- (1907)  Notes on Carex, ii.  Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 34(3):  151-155.
--- (1907)  Notes on Carex, iii.  Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 34(12):  603-607.
--- (1908)  The pine-barren bellwort.  Torreya 8(1):  13-14.
--- (1908)  Notes on Carex, iv.  Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 35(5):  261-270.
--- (1909)  Notes on Sagittaria.  Torreya 9(2):  30-32.
--- (1909)  Notes on Carex, v.  Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl.  36(8):  477-484.
--- (1910)  A new species of blue-berry from New Jersey.  Torreya 10(10):  228-230.
--- (1910)  Notes on Carex, vi.  Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 37(5):  231-250.
Small, J.K. and Kenneth K. Mackenzie.  Shorter notes.  Torreya 10(11):  249-250.
Mackenzie, Kenneth K. (1913)  Western allies of Carex pennsylvanica.  Torreya 13(1):  14-16.
--- (1913)  Notes on Carex, vii.  Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 40(10):  529-544.
--- (1914)  A new genus from Missouri.  Torreya 14(4):  67-68.
--- (1914)  A new southwestern sedge.  Torreya 14(7):  125-127.
--- (1914)  A new northeastern sedge.  Torreya 14(9):  155-159.
--- (1915)  Notes on Carex, viii.  Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 42(7):  405-422.
--- (1915)  Notes on Carex, ix.  Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 42(11):  603-621.
--- (1916)  Notes on Carex, x.  Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 43(8):  423-434.
--- (1916)  Notes on Carex, xi.  Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 43(12):  601-620.
--- (1918)  Charles Keene Dodge.  Torreya 18(9):  188-190.
--- (1918)  Labrador tea in New Jersey.  Torreya 18(12):  239-242.
--- (1922)  The records for Limnobium spongia in the northern United States.  Torreya 22(6):  102-104.
--- (1922)  Notes on Carex, xii.  Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 49(12):  361-373.
--- (1923)  Notes on Carex, xii.  Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 50(11):  343-358.
--- (1925)  Proper use of the name filix.  Am. Fern J. 15(2):  40-45.
--- (1927)  A botanical riddle.  Torreya 27(5):  81-83.
--- (1927)  Generic names ommonly applied to our shield-ferns.  Am. Fern J. 17(4):  117-125.
--- (1928)  White-fruited bane-berries.  Torreya 28(3):  51-53.
--- (1928)  Solidago petiolata Miller and some other golden-rods.  Torreya 28(5):  95-99.
--- (1929)  Some Juncus names.   Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 56(1):  25-32.
--- (1929)  Type of the genus Jatropha.  Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 56(4):  213-215. 

SOURCES:

1.       http://www.lib.k-state.edu/depts/spec/rarebooks/collections/linnaeus.html

2.      http://www.huh.harvard.edu/libraries/fieldwork_exhibit/exploration_gaspe.htm


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University of North Carolina Herbarium
CB# 3280, Coker Hall
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3280
phone: (919) 962-6931
fax: (919) 962-6930
email: mccormickATSIGNunc.edu  

Last Updated: 26 October 2012